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General Information | Places Of Interest

 
     
  Mungpoo   
     
  Area Total : 10,023 sq kms  
  Total population : 30,000 Aprox.  
  Temperature : Summer - Max 26o c Min 14O C  
                       : Winter - Max 14OC Min 06O C  
     
  Annual Rainfall : 3,890 mm  
  Clothing Needed : Summer - Light woolens  
                              : Winter - Heavy Woolens  
     
  Altitude : 2,000 ft - 5,000 ft  
  Connectivity by Road : Nearest Railway Station (52 Kms)  Siliguri NJP  
                                    : Darjeeling (32 Kms)  
                                    : Kalimpong (41 Kms)      
                                     
  By Air : Nearest Airport is Bagdodra (62 Kms)  and  Bhadrapur in Nepal  
     
  Regular taxis from Darjeeling, Siliguri and  Kalimpong.  
     
  Mungpoo Ė An Introduction  
  In the olden days, there used to be a good harvest of millet in and around present Mungpo. Itís because of this very fact that the Lepchas, the then native resident used to call it Mong-pong, in Lepcha, meaning "A Heap of Millet". In due course of time, the regional dialect changed Mung-pong to Mungpoo.  
     
 

Mungpoo and Cinchona are very like synonyms. Itís because of Cinchona Farming that Mungpoo has earned its name and fame in the world. According to renowned historian William Prescott, the Cinchona Plant derives its name from Cinchon, wife of the Spanish Viceroy at around 1532.

 
     
  Cinchona plant is native to Peru. The Inkas of Peru, who wanted to break the chain of slavery imposed on them by the French were familiar with Cinchona plant. One day when lady Cinchon caught fever, an Inka lady named ĎJumaí collected powder produced out of bark of Cinchona plant and offered the same to the lady which cured the lady of fever.  
     
 

Lady Cinchon took the plant along with her to France in 1640. Itís only after this event that the medicinal value of Cinchona Plant came to be known in the whole world.

 
     
 

In 1858, Mr. Markhan and Mr. Weir tried to import the Cinchona Plant into India from Tombaypata in Brazil but their effort bore no seedling as the plant withered away on the way due to long journey. Later, Mr. R. Cross and Mr. Spruce brought the Cinchona plant to India. Mr. Macklower later played an important role in introducing Cinchona plant to Darjeeling hills which subsequently led to Cinchona Farming in the Hills of Darjeeling.

 
     
 

Later, Dr. Thomas Anderson around1858 to 1861 again tried to start Cinchona farming in the hills of Darjeeling and in 1862 he succeeded in cultivating the plant across the Rambi riverís bank of Mungpoo. Afterwards,  then manager Mr. Garnie and Uzirsing Tamang started looking after the farm.

 
     
 

From 1867, new Gardens were established and both the natives and the people from other areas were employed to work as Cinchona farmers. Different departments were set up afterwards for Cinchona Farming.

 
     
 

Poet Rabindranath Tagore visited and stayed four times at Mungpoo in 21st May, 1938, 24th May 1939, 12th Sept. 1939 and 21st August 1940. The Rabindra Memorial Labour Welfare Centre and Rabindra Museum have been established in his memory.

 
     
   
   
   
     
 

Copyright © 2008. Lord Tours & Travels. Lord Trek and Tour, Trek & Tour in Sikkim and Darjeeling. A Travel , tour operator and trekking agent. Below Titanic Park, 31-A, N.H.Way, Gangtok, East Sikkim.
Tel :+91-3592-202503. Mobile: 098320-50419 /094750-77712.
Email : lordtravels@gmail.com.

 
 

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